Chapter 10: Information Systems Development Information Systems for Business and Beyond 2019

Most solution providers use the waterfall life cycle approach for software solution development. The waterfall approach (refer Figure 14.3) helps to understand the extent of the residual risks and allows one to work conscientiously toward reducing those risks. Architectural design is an early stage of the system design process. It represents the link between specification and design processes. SharePoint has various components, which rely on other infrastructures.

  • A configuration management system shall be implemented during development and implementation.
  • Today, the traditional approaches to technology system development have been adjusted to meet the ever-changing, complex needs of each unique organization and their users.
  • These properties enhance the management of time and specifications of the project.
  • A system is, at the very least, a component, and possibly a combination of various components of information technology.
  • Each type of operating system has its own JVM which must be installed, which is what allows Java programs to run on many different types of operating systems.
  • Convincing a group of people to learn and use a new system can be a very difficult process.

SDLC is also an abbreviation for Synchronous Data Link Control and software development life cycle. Software development life cycle is a very similar process to systems development life cycle, but it focuses exclusively on the development life cycle of software. System Design is a crucial stage in the SDLC as it bridges the gap between requirements analysis and system development. It transforms user needs and functional specifications into a detailed technical plan that guides the development team. Proper system design ensures that the developed system aligns with the desired functionality, performance, and scalability requirements. System Design is a critical stage in the SDLC, where the requirements gathered during the Analysis phase are translated into a detailed technical plan.

Tier 3 Risk Management Activities

The basic fact finding techniques include questionnaires, interviews, observation, and document collection. Various SDLC methodologies have been developed to guide the processes involved, including the original SDLC method, the Waterfall model. Other SDLC models include rapid application development (RAD), joint application information systems development life cycle development (JAD), the fountain model, the spiral model, build and fix, and synchronize-and-stabilize. This stage involves deploying the developed system into the production environment. This includes activities such as system installation, data migration, training end-users, and configuring necessary infrastructure.

information systems development life cycle

End-user computing can be beneficial to an organization, but it should be managed. The IT department should set guidelines and provide tools for the departments who want to create their own solutions. Communication between departments will go a long way towards successful use of end-user computing. There are many advantages to purchasing software from an outside company. First, it is generally less expensive to purchase a software package than to build it.


However, all methods are aimed at moving systems through the various relevant phases. A system development life cycle or SDLC is essentially a project management model. It defines different stages that are necessary to bring a project from its initial idea or conception all the way to deployment and later maintenance. The prototype expert systems development commences with project approval. Phases 4 through 7 represent an iterative process whereby a prototypical ES is evolved, and the final prototype developed through these iterative phases is installed in an operating environment.

Operation, training, and maintenance plans will all be drawn up so that developers know what they need to do throughout every stage of the cycle moving forward. Becoming a software developer requires learning the key skills, programming languages, and concepts needed to build software products. These days, many people are successfully pivoting or switching their careers from education, the service industry, and more to coding and development. They may complete bootcamps or earn professional certificates online such as IBM’s Full Stack Cloud Developer. This paper researches the System Development Life Cycle and the steps that apply to the development of an information system.


Many of these models are shared with the development of software, such as waterfall or agile. Numerous model frameworks can be adapted to fit into the development of software. The design stage takes as its input the requirements already defined.

information systems development life cycle

However, to be productive you must be able to check the syntax of the code, and, in some cases, compile the code. To be more efficient at programming, additional tools, such as an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) or computer-aided software-engineering (CASE) tools can be used. Assembly language is the second generation language and uses English-like phrases rather than machine-code instructions, making it easier to program. An assembly language program must be run through an assembler, which converts it into machine code. Here is a sample program that adds 1234 and 4321 using assembly language.

Alternative methodologies

Different modules or designs will be integrated into the primary source code through developer efforts, usually by leveraging training environments to detect further errors or defects. For instance, it allows ease of understanding the system and sub-systems. The user can also understand the current knowledge of the system. It has the ability to store information, and it can act as a part of documentation files.

information systems development life cycle

The database has forms for data entry, query features for searching stored data, report capabilities that generate analyzed data, and tables to store data. The DFD shows how systems process data in relation to inputs and outputs. The DFD is a graphical tool that highlights flow of data and stores data in its system. The DFD also has various symbols such as process flows, process symbols, data store and data flow symbols. The process symbol has entities to show the process number, locality, and process name (Shelly and Rosenblatt 332). This stage seeks to address various defects in the system with specific suggestions for enhancing the system.

Stage 4: Develop the code.

This involves identifying the current situation, the desired situation, the gap between them, and the objectives and scope of your project. When developers create a website, they do not write it out manually in a text editor. Instead, they use web design tools that generate the HTML and CSS for them. Tools such as Adobe Dreamweaver allow the designer to create a web page that includes images and interactive elements without writing a single line of code. However, professional web designers still need to learn HTML and CSS in order to have full control over the web pages they are developing. Computer-aided software-engineering (CASE) tools allow a designer to develop software with little or no programming.

information systems development life cycle

It can also include adding new features or functionality to a current product. Operations refer to the day-to-day running of a software product or service, such as performing backups and other administrative tasks. Once a system has been stabilized through testing, SDLC ensures that proper training is prepared and performed before transitioning the system to support staff and end users. Training usually covers operational training for support staff as well as end-user training. During this step, current priorities that would be affected and how they should be handled are considered.

System Development Life Cycle Phases (SDLC)

Because of its inflexibility and the availability of new programming techniques and tools, many other software development methodologies have been developed. Many of these retain some of the underlying concepts of SDLC, but are not as rigid. The SDLC methodology is sometimes referred to as the waterfall methodology to represent how each step is a separate part of the process.






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